The GTI-R is a special vehicle in automotive history that was manufactured by Nissan between 1990 and 1994.
It was born of Nissan's desire to win the World Rally Championship (WRC) under the FIA Group A rules, and was somewhat of a Frankenstein: They took their acclaimed 4cyl 2ltr 16v SR20DET turbo engine from their S13 series and upgraded it for extra strength and power, grabbed the mechanical version of their ATTESA 4WD system from their U12 series for grip, stuffed it all into a compact 2 door hatch body from their N14 series, added a large rear wing for some stability and a huge bonnet scoop for the intercooler.
Although Nissan's plans for instant success in Group A were unrealistic, and they pulled out before the car could develop and evolve, the GTI-R was very competitive in Group N (production class) winning the 1992 World Championship.
The GTI-R was part of the Group A rally era that was the premier class of the World Rally Championship for the 10 years of 1987 to 1996:
- Nissan Pulsar/Sunny GTI-R (RNN14 + GNN14)
- Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 4x4
- Ford Escort RS Cosworth
- Lancia Delta (HF 4WD + Integrale + Evoluzione) (ZLA)
- Mazda Familia/323 (GTX + GT-R) (BG8Z)
- Toyota Celica GT4 (ST165 + ST185 + ST205)
- Subaru Legacy RS (BC)
- Subaru Impreza WRX STI (GC)
- Mitsubishi Galant VR4 (E38A + E39A)
- Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution (I + II + III + IV + V + VI + 6.5)